More on Mood-Altering Substances...

 
Alcohol

High stress levels, anxiety, as well as inexpensive and easily accessible alcohol increases risk. People may continue to drink partly to prevent or improve symptoms of withdrawal. A low level of withdrawal may last for months following stopping. Medically,

alcoholism is considered both a physical and mental illness.

Some common short-term effects of alcohol include:

  • Mood swings.

  • Impaired judgment.

  • Coordination issues.

  • Trouble concentrating.

  • Memory problems.

  • Slurred speech.

  • Uncontrolled eye movements.

  • Stupor.

  • Coma

As is often the case, recreational use of alcohol gives way to compulsive misuse, and when it is used heavily and over a long period of time, alcohol can be detrimental to both physical and mental health. Some of the potential long-term effects of alcohol abuse or addiction include:

  • Cirrhosis.

  • Alcoholic hepatitis.

  • Liver cancer.

  • Pancreatitis.

  • Cardiomyopathy (stretching and weakening of heart muscle).

  • Irregular heart rhythm.

  • High blood pressure.

  • Stroke.

  • Mouth and throat cancer.

  • Breast cancer.

  • Weakened immune system.

  • Irritability.

  • Suicidal ideation

Those suffering from alcohol dependence may experience uncomfortable and potentially fatal withdrawal symptoms, such as seizures, with cessation of use. Severe alcohol withdrawal is referred to as delirium tremens and is a life-threatening condition that requires medical care.  A recovery coach does not provide detoxification services nor the medically necessary physiological interventions and care required for persons experiencing alcohol withdrawal.  Talk to a medical doctor or call 911 if you or someone you know is experiencing alcohol withdrawals.  A professional Recovery Coach can make referrals and recommendations, but cannot provide the medical treatment needed.  Once the individual has been through a safe detoxification process, the recovery work can begin. 

Fortunately, with the right combination of evidence-based recovery interventions and professional support, alcohol addiction can be treated successfully. Alcohol addiction rehabilitation has worked for millions of Americans, and even more globally who are looking to take their life back from alcohol use disorder. Is alcohol addictive? Yes, but help is available if you or a loved one is struggling with alcohol abuse. You can regain your health and your life after working with a professional recovery coach, learning the sober living skills that will help you overcome the destructive nature of this illness. 

Prescription Drugs

For most people, the first decision to take prescription drugs is voluntary. But over time, changes in the brain caused by repeated drug abuse affect a person's self-control and ability to make sound decisions. While this is going on, the person continues to have intense impulses to take more drugs.

Commonly abused classes of prescription drugs include opioids (for pain), central nervous system (CNS) depressants (for anxiety and sleep disorders), and stimulants (for ADHD and narcolepsy).

Opioids include:

  • Fentanyl (Duragesic®)

  • Hydrocodone (Vicodin®)

  • Oxycodone (OxyContin®)

  • Oxymorphone (Opana®)

  • Propoxyphene (Darvon®)

  • Hydromorphone (Dilaudid®)

  • Meperidine (Demerol®)

  • Diphenoxylate (Lomotil®)

Central nervous system depressants include:

  • Pentobarbital sodium (Nembutal®)

  • Diazepam (Valium®)

  • Alprazolam (Xanax®)

Stimulants include:

  • Dextroamphetamine (Dexedrine®)

  • Methylphenidate (Ritalin® and Concerta®)

  • Amphetamines (Adderall®)

Using opiates or prescription painkillers, like VicodinPercocet, and OxyContin, can be particularly dangerous because it often leads to respiratory depression. Opiate painkillers are most often taken orally, yet may also be crushed and snorted, or mixed with liquid solution and injected.

Some side effects typical of opiates include:

  • Euphoria followed by apathy.

  • Dysphoria, or unease.

  • Nausea.

  • Vomiting.

  • Pinpoint pupils.

  • Itching skin.

  • Inattention to the environment.

  • Slowed thinking and movements.

  • Attention problems.

  • Memory impairments.

  • Drowsiness.

  • Slurred speech.

  • Coma.

 

Drowsiness experienced by an opiate user is often called “being on the nod.” The decreased breathing rate caused by opiate intoxication can result in oxygen deficiency and overdose.2

 
 
Illicit "Street" Drugs

When a person takes an illicit drug, the chemical floods the brain’s reward circuit with dopamine. The reward circuit controls feelings of pleasure that naturally come from life-sustaining habits such as eating and sleeping.  Drugs create a high that mimics these feelings, leading to users taking more and more of the same or similar substance.

Eventually, the brain becomes tolerant to the drug and needs larger quantities of the substance to achieve the same high. The user is then unable to experience feelings of pleasure in anything except the drug, creating addiction. There are measurable short and long-term effects of illicit drugs on the body and brain.

If you suspect that you, or  someone you love is suffering from drug addiction, seek professional help before it’s too late. Professional treatment and rehabilitation are critical to the recovery and long-term well-being of a drug user.

The consequences of drug addiction aren’t only physical and mental. Drugs affect virtually every aspect of a user’s life. Typically, drug addicts suffer myriad legal, financial and social consequences. These may include the loss of close relationships with friends, family members and significant others. An drug user often isolates himself or herself from loved ones, breaking ties and losing close bonds.

A habitual drug user may also get into significant financial trouble while trying to fund a drug addiction. This can lead to legal problems if the person turns to robbery or fraud to get the money to continue using. Furthermore, an addict can lose a job from failing to show up, arriving late all the time, or falling asleep or performing poorly at work. Drug addiction can systematically ruin a person’s life, regardless of income, gender or age.

The list of commonly used drugs is long. Different drugs have fallen in and out of popularity over the years. Marijuana is the most commonly used illicit substance in the United States, with 49 percent of all Americans admitting to trying the drug at least once. 

Marijuana impairs memory, ability to focus, coordination and learning. Although it is impossible to overdose from marijuana and it’s legal in some state, cannabis use can cause other health risks.

More on Mood Disorders...

 
Anxiety

continued:  Everyone feels anxious now and then. It’s a normal emotion. For example, you may feel nervous when faced with a problem at work, before taking a test, or before making an important decision.  But, a psychoactive substance may induce psychotic symptoms during intoxication (i.e., while the individual is under the influence of the drug) or during withdrawal from the substance.

Prominent anxiety symptoms (i.e., generalized anxiety, panic attacks, obsessive-compulsive symptoms, or phobia symptoms) determined to be caused by the effects of a psychoactive substance is the primary feature of a substance-induced psychotic disorder.

 

A substance-induced anxiety disorder is sub-typed or categorized based on whether the prominent feature is generalized anxiety, panic attacks, obsessive-compulsive symptoms, or phobia symptoms. In addition, the disorder is sub-typed based on whether it began during intoxication on a substance or during withdrawal from a substance. A substance-induced anxiety disorder that begins during substance use can last as long as the drug is used. A substance-induced anxiety disorder that begins during withdrawal may first manifest up to four weeks after an individual stops using the substance.

 

Recovery coaching clients may find that as their journey continues, they may need to seek help from additional professional providers who can address deeper issues.  A professional Recovery Coach will be armed with appropriate referral sources for the clients needs, always keeping the client informed in the process of a holistic recovery to wellness. 

Depression
 

continued:  A vast number of drugs are commonly associated with changes in personality, mood and temperament in users. Likewise, any substance that alters a person’s mind is capable of triggering mood swings and flaring tempers or depressed moods that aren’t consistent with the user’s normal behavior when they’re sober. For example, someone who uses cocaine may experience a heightened sense of elation initially that causes them to feel manic and excited, which is soon followed by a crash, wherein the user is generally lethargic and sleepy. Disrupted sleep patterns, a side effect for many substance abusers, can cause flaring tempers, decrease patience, and increase irritability in anyone. Stimulants can cause mania that encourages impulsive over-spending, over-eating, and recklessness in the user — all destructive behaviors. Some will feel the opposite of mania and experience a great deal of depression; others will struggle with a complex combination of the two.

 

The good news is that working with a professional Coach can help begin the healing process for mood-related disorders like depression.  An experienced and well-informed Recovery Coach will provide appropriate referrals to licensed therapists and psychiatrists for the clients best possible care. 

More on Love and Family Relationship Problems

 

continued from home page:  The partner’s reaction can determine a number of other factors: if she offers an ultimatum, for example, that could be the end of the relationship, but it could also be the impetus for the user to go clean; if he/she becomes complicit in the addiction, it could spread the disease into more social circles.  

In 2004, the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration reviewed pre-existing literature and found that addiction has different effects on different relationship structures. For example, children may be forced into uncomfortable or unfamiliar roles to compensate (or cover) for a parent’s substance abuse. Extended family members might be put through stressful experiences of shame and humiliation if their connection to the addict (and his or her behavior) becomes known.

When dealing with a partner, the consequences of a substance abuse problem generally fall into psychological (and resultant behavior) and economic categories. Money, for example, can be diverted away from savings and joint interests, and toward fueling a habit. Psychologically (and behaviorally), a partner could be on the receiving end of mood swings, reduced sexual interest and functioning, lack of engagement from their loved one, and other forms of emotional neglect. They may also be coerced into becoming complicit in their partner’s addiction, being manipulated into covering for them or even providing them drugs, all under the guise of doing the actions out of love (or a promise that the addicted partner will seek help or treatment after this one last act).

Regaining trust after an addiction takes time. People who are abusing drugs or alcohol are often unreliable, break promises, and neglect responsibilities. Don't become angry or frustrated if your loved one is hesitant to trust you. A professional recovery coach can help the recovering person to set realistic expectations for the re-building ahead.  Conjoint coaching sessions are critical in the recovery process and there is hope for renewal in most cases.  Progress in recovery opens the door to trust and forgiveness for spouses, families and employers.  However, in some cases the damage may be too severe to fix, and part of the recovery process is the practice of acceptance.  A good recovery coach can help the client navigate these issues keeping priorities focused on the foundation of sobriety.

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To schedule a no-cost phone consultation, please use the form below.  We will reach out within 12 hours with hope and solutions. 

 

"Alcoholics and addicts are not bad people, they are in fact, really-really good people who are suffering from a bad illness". 

 

You are important and deserve to get well! 

-Coach 

Nashville, Tennessee

transformationssaservices@gmail.com

615-852-5272

Transformations Counseling

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